Vertical wood splitters
utilize the effects of placing a log in the upright position on
the splitter with a ram that pushes a spade down into the log to split
Vertical Wood Splitter
Vertical log splitters are
sometimes easier to use due to the fact that you don't have to lift
the logs up as far to place them on the splitter.
A vertical log
splitter requires the logs to be standing up, so rolling the logs
into place on the pad which is at ground level can be easier than
lifting them into place.
Vertical log splitters also
offer a more stable platform when you are going to be working on
uneven ground or slopes.
Vertical Wood Splitter
The disadvantage is that
you can't split a log in half as easy with units that have wings
on them to hold the logs in place from both sides. Fortunately
you don't see those types very often anymore.
- Purchase and Download a Set of Log Splitter Design Plans
Horizontal or Vertical Wood Splitter
When I decided to jump
in to wood splitting, one question I had regarding log splitters
was, what is more important when using one, having the
horizontal option where the wedge is stationary, and the wood is
pushed out of the way while it is being split (and you can put a
4 way wedge on it), or having the wedge be the moving part, and
being able to split both horizontal and vertical?
My final decision was a
universal horizontal / vertical splitter.
Now I have a splitter
that is either horizontal or Vertical. I use it mostly Vertical
since I don't have to lift large logs into place. I can stick
the edges under the splitter and just nibble away.
In the vertical
position, this splitter is designed for handling large diameter
wood with ease, reducing the need for heavy lifting. Or use it
in the more traditional horizontal position.
Personally, I would get
one that works both, in the vertical and horizontal positions
because when standing next to a wood pile and pulling the small
logs off the top you do not have to bend over to split them or
pull them off the machine. But, you can still roll the big
pieces over and not lift them.
Here is a rough list of parts needed to build a splitter with
some approx costs.
Standard Vertical Log
Splitter Construction Components Include:
4 x 24 hydraulic
11gpm 2-stage pump
pump mount bracket
log splitter auto return
control valve 80.00
hydraulic oil filter
hydraulic fluid (5
gal. min.) 5.00 per gallon
gas or electric
axle with wheels,
tires, and fenders
2" hitch with safety
6" I beam and 8"
steel cutting wedge
Choose you motor
carefully, there are many different types of electric motors
with the same hp. rating. Some will fail quickly while others
may last forever. When the correct type of electric motor is
used, hp requirement can be reduced by 1/3
For 2-stage pumps 1/2 hp. per gal. is required.
For single stage pumps 2-3 hp. per gal. is needed.
When you go vertical be sure to put the flat foot on the bottom
of the upright I beam. Makes it a lot easier to place the flat end of a log upon
a flat foot for splitting. I've seen some splitters built with the wedge on the
bottom. That design is fine for a horizontal splitter but not for a vertical
one. Must be fun trying to balance a log on the edge of the wedge in those