When I decided to jump
in to wood splitting, one question I had regarding log splitters
was, what is more important when using one, having the
horizontal option where the wedge is stationary, and the wood is
pushed out of the way while it is being split (and you can put a
4 way wedge on it), or having the wedge be the moving part, and
being able to split both horizontal and vertical?
My final decision was a
universal horizontal / vertical splitter.
Now I have a splitter
that is either horizontal or Vertical. I use it mostly Vertical
since I don't have to lift large logs into place. I can stick
the edges under the splitter and just nibble away.
In the vertical
position, this splitter is designed for handling large diameter
wood with ease, reducing the need for heavy lifting. Or use it
in the more traditional horizontal position.
Personally, I would get
one that works both, in the vertical and horizontal positions
because when standing next to a wood pile and pulling the small
logs off the top you do not have to bend over to split them or
pull them off the machine. But, you can still roll the big
pieces over and not lift them.
Here is a rough list of parts needed to build a splitter with
some approx costs.
Standard Vertical Log
Splitter Construction Components Include:
4 x 24 hydraulic
11gpm 2-stage pump
pump mount bracket
log splitter auto return
control valve 80.00
hydraulic oil filter
hydraulic fluid (5
gal. min.) 5.00 per gallon
gas or electric
axle with wheels,
tires, and fenders
2" hitch with safety
6" I beam and 8"
steel cutting wedge
Choose you motor
carefully, there are many different types of electric motors
with the same hp. rating. Some will fail quickly while others
may last forever. When the correct type of electric motor is
used, hp requirement can be reduced by 1/3
For 2-stage pumps 1/2 hp. per gal. is required.
For single stage pumps 2-3 hp. per gal. is needed.
When you go vertical be sure to put the flat foot on the bottom
of the upright I beam. Makes it a lot easier to place the flat end of a log upon
a flat foot for splitting. I've seen some splitters built with the wedge on the
bottom. That design is fine for a horizontal splitter but not for a vertical
one. Must be fun trying to balance a log on the edge of the wedge in those