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Horizontal Wood Splitter Plans

Horizontal wood splitters are the most common style and they can be movable and include tires along with a tongue to hook to a trailer hitch so you can pull them around from place to place.

They can also be stationary and be set up to run mass amounts of wood through them. With horizontal wood splitters you simply lay the log down on the track and allow the hydraulic ram to force the log into the splitter head as it splits the log in half, or quarters it based on the splitting tip used.

To use a horizontal log splitter, you pick up the logs and lay them on the tray or beam for splitting.

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How to Build a Horizontal Hydraulic Wood Splitter

A hydraulic log splitter is an invaluable asset to have for those homeowners that are getting ready for the long cold winter months. Splitting several cords of wood can be a strenuous job with just an axe or maul to manually complete the job.

Log splitter do the hard work for you in a much more efficient and faster way. The hydraulics of a powered log splitter pushes the arm forward to jam the wood against a metal blade forcing the wood to split. Building a hydraulic log splitter is a project that requires some metal working skills, as well as some welding and fabricating skills. What you'll need

bullet Welder
bullet Metal Tubing
bullet Hydraulic Ram
bullet Controls and hoses
bullet 1/2 Inch Metal Sheets
bullet Torch or Plasma Cutter
bullet Drill and Metal Drill Bits
bullet Clamps
bullet Adjustable Wrench

Step 1: Build The Platform

Start by constructing the main part of the splitter which is the axle platform where the hydraulic ram will travel back and forth to split the logs. This platform will also cradle and holds the log in place to be split. It should be made out of solid 1/4 inch thick steel I-beam material.

Step 2: Construct Bracket For Hydraulic Pump and Platform Foot

In the center of the platform you will need to position a bracket that attaches the hydraulic pump to the platform. This bracket should be made out of a piece of 1/2 inch thick metal. Use a torch or plasma cutter to make these cuts as straight as possible. Once the bracket is cut out, line up the holes for the hydraulic pump to be mounted onto the metal piece and drill the holes. Make the foot out of a good size piece of steel plate approximately 1/2" x 16 inches by 6 inches, weld that to the opposite end of the platform from the pump.

Step 3: Mount The Hydraulic Pump And Bracket

In the center of the axle platform, mark the location for the hydraulic pump bracket. Drill the holes for mounting, then secure the bracket with hardware including nuts, bolts and washers if needed. Hold the pump up to the bracket and secure it with nuts and bolts.

Step 4: Attaching The Cutting Blade

The cutting blade is mounted to the hydraulic  pump ram. The best way to build it is to weld three pieces of flat metal in a triangle shape. This can be made out od solid steel or, cut out two pieces of metal 6 inches wide and 12 inches long. A third piece should be cut to 6 inches wide and 4 inches long. This is the back piece of the triangle. Attach all three by welding them together in a triangle shape. The 12-inch pieces should form a point that is used for the cutting edge. Use a grinder and sharpen this point to an edge. Mount this to the hydraulic ram.

Step 5: Connect Ram and Hydraulics

A hydraulic ram valve will be used to push the cutting blade into the log pinned against the platform foot. Attach it to the platform securely by drilling in mounting holes and then securing with bolts. Connect hydraulic hoses from the ram to the pump and fill with fluid.

Step 6: Use The Splitter On Logs

The basic hydraulic log splitter structure is now ready to split logs. Load the logs onto the metal platform up against the foot plate and press the lever for the hydraulics. The ram will move the cutting blade into the log and split it.

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