wood splitters are the most common style and they can be movable
and include tires along with a tongue to hook to a trailer hitch
so you can pull them around from place to place.
They can also be stationary and be set
up to run mass amounts of wood through them. With horizontal wood
splitters you simply lay the log down on the track and allow the
hydraulic ram to force the log into the splitter head as it splits
the log in half, or quarters it based on the splitting tip used.
To use a horizontal log
splitter, you pick up the logs and lay them on the tray or beam for
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- Purchase Log Splitter Design Plans
How to Build a Horizontal
Hydraulic Wood Splitter
A hydraulic log splitter is an invaluable asset
to have for those homeowners that are
getting ready for the long cold winter months. Splitting several cords of
wood can be a strenuous job with just an axe or maul to manually
complete the job.
Log splitter do
the hard work for you in a much more efficient and faster way. The
hydraulics of a powered log splitter pushes the arm forward to jam
the wood against a metal blade forcing the wood to split. Building a hydraulic log splitter is a project that
requires some metal working skills, as well as some welding and
What you'll need
||Controls and hoses
||1/2 Inch Metal Sheets
Metal Drill Bits
Step 1: Build
Start by constructing the main part of
the splitter which is the axle platform where the hydraulic
ram will travel back and forth to split the logs. This platform will also
cradle and holds the log in place to be split. It should be made out
of solid 1/4 inch thick steel I-beam material.
Construct Bracket For Hydraulic Pump and Platform Foot
In the center of the platform you will need to position a
bracket that attaches the hydraulic pump to the platform. This
bracket should be made out of
a piece of 1/2 inch thick metal. Use a torch or plasma cutter to make these
cuts as straight as possible. Once the bracket is cut out, line up the holes for the hydraulic
pump to be mounted onto the metal piece and drill the holes.
Make the foot out of a good size piece of steel plate
approximately 1/2" x 16 inches by 6 inches, weld that to the
opposite end of the platform from the pump.
Step 3: Mount
The Hydraulic Pump And Bracket
In the center of the axle platform, mark the location for the
hydraulic pump bracket. Drill the holes for mounting, then secure
the bracket with hardware including nuts, bolts and washers if
needed. Hold the pump up to the
bracket and secure it with nuts and bolts.
Step 4: Attaching
The Cutting Blade
The cutting blade is mounted to the
hydraulic pump ram. The best way to build it is to weld
three pieces of flat metal in a triangle shape. This can be made
out od solid steel or, cut out two pieces
of metal 6 inches wide and 12 inches long. A third piece should
be cut to 6 inches wide and 4 inches long. This is the back
piece of the triangle. Attach all three by welding them
together in a triangle shape. The 12-inch pieces should form a point that is used
for the cutting edge. Use a grinder and sharpen this point to an
edge. Mount this to the hydraulic ram.
Step 5: Connect Ram and Hydraulics
A hydraulic ram valve will be used to push the cutting blade
into the log pinned against the platform foot. Attach it to the platform
securely by drilling in mounting
holes and then securing with bolts. Connect hydraulic hoses from
the ram to the pump and fill with fluid.
Step 6: Use
The Splitter On Logs
The basic hydraulic log splitter structure is now
ready to split logs. Load the logs onto the metal
platform up against the foot plate and press the lever
for the hydraulics. The ram will move the cutting blade
into the log and split it.